Chinese philosophy is often distinguished from its Western counterpart by its reliance on non-deductive reasoning and its emphasis on collectivism … Continue reading The Surprising Similarities Between Classic Chinese and Western Moral Philosophy
When it comes to politics, many of us simply accept the current social order as its stands and base our … Continue reading John Rawls and the Blueprint for a More Just Society
The key to understanding the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius—a seemingly disorganized collection of personal notes that were never intended for … Continue reading Three Rules of Life From the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius
It remains lost on many believers that they simultaneously worship a God that is thought to be eternal and perfect … Continue reading Spinoza on Anthropomorphism and Organized Religion as a Form of Oppression
A philosophy of life is a considered set of principles by which one finds meaning, purpose, and coherence in the world. A philosophy of life contains an epistemology (what can be known), a metaphysics (how the world works), an ethical framework (how to behave and treat others), and variously a political philosophy that describes how society should be structured.
According to Epicurus (341–270 B.C.E.), an ancient Greek philosopher and the founder of Epicureanism, the path to living the good life is self-evident. At bottom, there is something that we all seek for its own sake, and that is pleasure, just as we all seek to avoid the opposite of pleasure, pain. Since we all know with relative certainty the kinds of things that bring us both pleasure and pain, we can use this knowledge as the foundation for living the best possible life.
While the case can be made that Plato essentially invented the discipline of philosophy as we know it today, one … Continue reading Plato’s Euthyphro Dilemma and the Birth of Humanistic Ethics
Wetsern philosophy does not start with Socrates; that distinction belongs to the Presocratic philosophers who collectively invented critical rationalism, as I covered in the last post. But Socrates does represent a turning point in philosophy, for a few reasons.Continue reading “Socrates on Intellectual Humility and the Philosophical Quest”