In studying and writing about Stoicism for a while now, I’ve come to learn that the true benefits of the … Continue reading A Daily Checklist of Stoic Psychological Techniques and Exercises
Wetsern philosophy does not start with Socrates; that distinction belongs to the Presocratic philosophers who collectively invented critical rationalism, as I covered in the last post. But Socrates does represent a turning point in philosophy, for a few reasons.Continue reading “Socrates on Intellectual Humility and the Philosophical Quest”
Thales of Miletus, a Presocratic philosopher born in 626 BCE, proposed that the underlying, fundamental substance of all matter was water, while his student Anaximander thought the substance was an indefinite material called Apeiron. Anaximenes, Anaximander’s student, disagreed with both and thought the fundamental substance was air, while Heraclitus disagreed with everyone and thought the substance was fire.